Respiratory Alterations in the Pediatric Client
by Nursing CE Catalog
The respiratory system facilitates gas exchange in the body. A patent airway is essential. Neurochemicals regulate the rate, depth, and rhythm of breathing and signal the respiratory muscles to contract and expand the thoracic cavity, facilitating gas exchange so the system can function effectively.A respiratory system dysfunction in infants and young children is concerning since these groups are particularly vulnerable because of specific age-related physical differences. The purpose/goal of this course is to describe age-related physical differences in the respiratory system of pediatric clients, examine varying respiratory alterations that occur in infants and children, and explore the role of the nurse in optimizing the health of the pediatric population.Learning ObjectivesAt the conclusion of this learning activity, participants will do the following: • Explain differences in the anatomy, physiology, and functioning of the respiratory system of children and adults.• Describe the common assessment findings seen in children with respiratory difficulties.• Describe the pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, treatment, and management of nasopharyngitis, pharyngitis, and tonsillitis.• Describe the pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, treatment, and management of otitis media and croup.• Describe the pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, treatment, and management of bronchiolitis and pneumonia.• Describe the pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, treatment, and management of asthma.Annenberg Center for Health Sciences is accredited as a provider of continuing nursing education by American Nurses Credentialing Center’s Commission on Accreditation. A maximum of 2.0 contact hours may be earned for successful completion of this activity.Provider is approved by the California Board of Registered Nursing, Provider # 13664, for 2.0 contact hours.This activity is an online enduring material. Successful completion is achieved by reading and/or viewing the material(s), reflecting on its implications in your practice, and completing the assessment component.The ideas and opinions presented in this educational activity are those of the faculty and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Annenberg Center and/or its agents. As in all educational activities, we encourage practitioners to use their own judgement in treating and addressing the needs of each individual patient, taking into account that patient’s unique clinical situation. The Annenberg Center disclaims all liability and cannot be held responsible for any problems that may arise from participating in this activity or following treatment recommendations presented. The estimated time to complete the activity is 2.0 hour(s).This course released on June 1, 2017 and expires on May 31, 2019.