Fluid and Electrolyte Alterations in the Pediatric Client
by Nursing CE Catalog
Understanding body fluids, electrolytes, and acid-base buffers is essential in treating many childhood illnesses. Alterations in electrolytes, fluids, and acid-base metabolism can occur quickly in children and can be life threatening. The child’s survival hinges on the ability of health care providers to assess at-risk situations, diagnose alterations, initiate treatment plans, and implement prevention strategies.The purpose/goal of this course is to discuss principles associated with the movement of fluids and electrolytes within a child’s body and to discuss common alterations, including dehydration, acute gastroenteritis, edema, and burns.Learning ObjectivesAt the conclusion of this learning activity, participants will do the following: • Identify differences among adults, children, and infants related to fluid requirements and fluid distribution.• Explain the principles of electrolyte imbalances.• Explain the causes and clinical manifestations of respiratory acidosis and respiratory alkalosis.• Explain the causes and clinical manifestations of metabolic acidosis and metabolic alkalosis.• Describe the differences between hypotonic, isotonic, and hypertonic dehydration.• Explain the causes, clinical symptoms, and treatment of dehydration.• Describe causes, symptoms, and treatment of acute gastroenteritis.• Describe causes, symptoms, and treatment of edema.• Discuss common types of burn injuries in children and key aspects of burn treatment.Annenberg Center for Health Sciences is accredited as a provider of continuing nursing education by American Nurses Credentialing Center’s Commission on Accreditation. A maximum of 2.0 contact hours may be earned for successful completion of this activity.Provider is approved by the California Board of Registered Nursing, Provider # 13664, for 2.0 contact hours.This activity is an online enduring material. Successful completion is achieved by reading and/or viewing the material(s), reflecting on its implications in your practice, and completing the assessment component.The ideas and opinions presented in this educational activity are those of the faculty and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Annenberg Center and/or its agents. As in all educational activities, we encourage practitioners to use their own judgement in treating and addressing the needs of each individual patient, taking into account that patient’s unique clinical situation. The Annenberg Center disclaims all liability and cannot be held responsible for any problems that may arise from participating in this activity or following treatment recommendations presented. The estimated time to complete the activity is 2.0 hour(s).This course released on June 1, 2017 and expires on May 31, 2019.